Shimla Agreement Document

The Delhi Agreement on the Return of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, the Foreign Minister of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Pakistani government. [9] [10] [11] The agreement was the result of the determination of the two countries to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations”. He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [3] This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of the ratification instruments. [4] The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating to the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargile War. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days. [4] Recalling its agreement of 23 September 1998 that an environment of peace and security is in the supreme national interest of both sides and that the resolution of all outstanding issues, including Jammu and Kashmir, is essential to this end. Strengthens its composite and integrated dialogue process in favour of a rapid and positive outcome of the agreed bilateral agenda.

A vision of peace and stability between their countries, progress and prosperity for their peoples; . Reaffirming that both countries are committed to translating the Simla Agreement into letter and spirit; Consistent with the principles and objectives set out in the Charter of the United Nations and the generally accepted principles of peaceful coexistence, the two governments agree that their respective heads of state will meet in the future at a time that is favourable to both sides and that, in the meantime, representatives of both sides will meet to discuss further the modalities and modalities for establishing lasting peace and normalizing relations. , including issues relating to the repatriation of prisoners of war and civilian internees, the final settlement of Jammu and Kashmir and the resumption of diplomatic relations. [4] Promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms. Immediately takes steps to reduce the risk of accidental or unauthorized use of nuclear weapons and discusses concepts and doctrines to develop confidence-building measures in nuclear and conventional areas to prevent conflict. On 7 July 1972, the Shimla Agreement between Indira Gandhi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was signed in Shimla by Himachal Pradesh. Shimla Agreement is also known as Shimla Accord. The issue is important from the point of view of the IAS audit.

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