It is also interesting to note the timing of the logistics agreements of India mentioned with regard to the geostrategic calculation that prevailed at the time. U.S. President Barack Obama announced his “reorientation to Asia” strategy in 2011. In September-October 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed the ambitious “Silk Road Economic Belt” and the “One Belt, One Road,” which was later renamed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which preceded more than a decade of aggressive development of maritime infrastructure by China in most of the IOR`s coastal countries around India. These include the development of islands in the South China Sea, the continued voyages of Chinese warships in the Indian Ocean and the acquisition of a military base in Djibouti. China`s growing economic and military strength therefore required an effective counterweight. It can be inferred that the four logistics agreements signed by India after 2016 were the first LEMOA with the United States. Two other similar agreements with Russia and the United Kingdom are about to be concluded. The pact with Russia will be prepared for signature at the summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin in mid-October, the head of the Russian Federation`s deputy mission at the Russian Embassy in India Roman Babushkin said at a press conference on 7 September. Australia had submitted an MLSA project shortly after India signed LEMOA, but New Delhi said at the time that it would use more logistics pacts after the first one was put into service. In March, before the bilateral naval exercise AUSINDEX, Australian diplomatic sources sounded the tone for a pact that said the argument for one was “imperative.” AUSINDEX saw the participation of Australia`s largest naval contingent to India with 1,000 employees and assets.
India has signed similar agreements with five other nations, including the United States, France, Australia, South Korea and Singapore, to provide logistical support to the defence forces. These agreements help to expand and expand the presence and operations of the Indian armed forces from the Atlantic to the Pacific. India has signed four military logistics support agreements with partner countries and is in the process of managing the fifth with Russia. The topic came up for discussion during Defence Minister Rajnath Singh`s recent visit to Russia on 05-07 November 2019.1 Whether the agreement signed with Russia, known as the Reciprocal Logistics Support Agreement (RLSA), will be an important step in bilateral relations. As the name suggests, the agreement will facilitate the mutual use of logistics facilities by military personnel from both countries during visits to the other country`s ports, bases and military installations. These agreements are taken into account in the Indian Navy`s request to maintain its 24-hour, 24-hour presence in its main areas of interest, the Indian Ocean region (IOC) and, in the future, in the Indo-Pacific. The Indian Navy has maintained its presence through its concept of mission-based operations, involving more than a dozen large surface combatants along the entire length and breadth of the IOC. These operations have notably contributed to a significant improvement in the image of the Indian maritime domain Awareness (MDA), to facilitate the monitoring of vessels of interest and to be the First Responder in the case of a HADR scenario under development. Logistics agreements are administrative arrangements that help facilitate the recovery of fuel, rations, spare parts (if necessary) as well as berths and maintenance stations for warships, military aircraft and troops from other countries during routine port gatherings, exercises and training in other countries` countries. , as well as during humanitarian and disaster relief (HADR). These agreements simplify accounting at such events and ensure that host country forces benefit from the use of the host country`s existing logistics network, which also reduces total costs and saves time.
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